Household Water Newsletter, Issue 27

This newsletter is released periodically by the Water Institute at UNC to the members and subscribers to the International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage. Past issues available here.

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Greetings Colleagues,

Dear all,

We are pleased to announce side events on M&E, opportunities and challenges for integrating HWTS, and knowledge management at the upcoming 2013 Water and Health Conference at the University of North Carolina. The M&E event is a workshop hosted by WHO, UNICEF, and UNC and will focus on strengthening knowledge of data collection to improve HWTS programming. The event on integration is hosted by WHO, UNICEF and UNC and will present the evidence for targeting HWTS within specific health efforts, such as those catering to people living with HIV or pregnant women for example. The third is a learning and networking event focused on how organisations translate WASH sector knowledge to action – it will be co-convened by the Water Institute at UNC, the Rural Water Supply Network, Stockholm Environmental Institute, USAID’s WASHplus Project, and the Sustainable Sanitation Alliance/GIZ.

For these events, we want your input, starting with the event on integration challenges. This month’s reader poll asks you about the obstacles you face to integrating HWTS with other health efforts. For some of these issues, evidence on possible solutions may already exist which you may not know about. For others, more research may be needed. Your insights are valuable and we hope you will take a moment to participate!

Thanks to those of you who have expressed interest in attending the upcoming annual meeting of the HWTS Network and joint HWTS/WSP workshop in Nagpur, Maharashtra, India from November 14-16. We look forward to seeing you there!

UNICEF is also keen to share with you two new reports of its emergency and non-emergency WASH spending and activities during 2012 for which total spending reached US$380 million. Please see the links in the “News” section below.

Finally, we have some unfortunate news to share with you. Mr Mubashir Niaz, Chairman of HEED Association in Pakistan, died in a tragic accident in Pakistan in August during project-related work. HEED was formed in response to a devastating earthquake that hit the country in 2005 and has been supporting WASH needs in affected communities – we have included their work on a few occasions in this newsletter. Mubashir ran the organisation as a volunteer while he worked for Mott Macdonald, a UK-based engineering consultancy. Mubashir was a personal friend and mentor to me on water and community development issues. May he rest in peace and many condolences to his wife and three children. Read more about Mubashir

Best regards,

Ryan Rowe
Household Water Specialist
The Water Institute at UNC


Reader poll

This month’s poll is to ask you what are the biggest challenges you face in integrating HWTS to deal with other community priorities.

Issue 27 Poll

  • Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) is an important interim solution for people who lack access to safe drinking-water. Evidence has shown that it is effective in reducing diarrhea disease when an appropriate product is used correctly and consistently. There is also increasing evidence that implementing it alongside other household and community-based health efforts has advantages. For example, HWTS products have served as incentives to encourage pregnant women to seek ante-natal care and have been combined with the distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets and provision of HIV testing and counseling in communities with high prevalence of HIV. Such efforts have resulted in cost savings and averted HIV infections and cases of tuberculosis. Combining the delivery of HWTS with other important and priority health efforts appears to increase uptake, reduce costs, save time and improve health outcomes and is gaining increasing interest by health authorities and community-based organizations

    Besides more funding, what are the three (3) biggest challenges you face as an organisation to begin working on other health solutions in combination with HWTS?

Contents of this Newsletter

Announcements
News from Network members
Discussions and Requests
Publications
Education, Work and Funding Opportunities
Event Calendar Updates


Announcements

  • Network Secretariat: New additions to our community

The Network Secretariat would like to give a warm welcome to those who have recently joined the HWTS Network community:

New organisations: Helioz GmbH is a social enterprise engaged in research, development and sale of affordable products for low income households in developing countries; Safe Global Water Institute is a consortium of partners in research, academia, government, non-governmental organisations, private sector, and community leaders working on water-related issues;

New subscribers: Harriet Chanza, Richard Chipeta, Chris Cormency, Vicki Dixon, Gerald Enzinger, Kebede Eticha, Tarik Hassan, Mary Herrick, Kearston Ingraham, Laliteswar Kumar, Laura W Lackey, Jessica Mclellan, Sekwon Park, David Pennise, Peaches Phiri, Susan Randlett, Derrick Ssewanyana, Sergio Vasques, Josine van de Voort

  • Global Water Jobs: New job and event website for the sector

Global Water Jobs is a new website featuring events, jobs, trainings and scholarship opportunities for water professionals. Several WaSH project, programming or advisory positions are currently under recruitment. Visit the website

  • UNICEF: Reports of WASH activities during 2012

UNICEF has released two annual reports of its WASH activities during 2012. The reports indicate that a total of 24.4 million people benefited from spending on water-related activities and 15.1 million people benefited from spending on sanitation. The first report covers the achievements, challenges, strategic shifts and lessons learned from non-emergency WASH programming for which total spending was US$234 million during the year. Download the first eport The second report reviews emergency WASH activities by UNICEF in X countries for which total spending was US$146 million during the year. Download the second report

  • Water and Health Conference: HWTS-related items on the agenda

There will be several HWTS focused events at the 2013 Water and Health Conference:Where Science Meets Policy. There are three to which we would like to call your attention: 1) Effectively Monitoring and Evaluating Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage; 2) Seizing opportunities to integrate household water treatment and safe storage with health efforts: From research to implementation; and Putting Knowledge into Action – Tools, Tips and Approaches to Support WASH Learning and CommunicationThe remainder of the side event schedule is available here. The Conference, which also features more than 200 verbal and poster presentations on WaSH, health and development, takes place October 14-18 in Chapel Hill, NC.

  • WHO & UNICEF JMP: New quarterly newsletter

The WHO & UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme on Water Supply and Sanitation is pleased to report that it has a new quarterly newsletter. The JMP is the formal instrument to monitor the Millennium Development Goal targets on access to improved water and improved sanitation. Sign up to the newsletter here.


News from Network Members

  • Antenna Technologies: Meeting the last-mile delivery challenge

TARA (Technology and Rural Development Action), an Indian social enterprise, are using electro-chlorination technology manufactured by Antenna Technologies Foundation to locally manufacture and bottle chlorine solution into 60ml flasks and then sell them through a network of social enterpreneurs. Read more by Patrick Daoust

  • Ecofiltro: Water revolution in Guatemala

Ecofiltro, a Guatemala-based social enterprise, has produced a 3-minute animated video on how it is delivering safe drinking water in Guatemala through a business model that combines donations and profits from sales in urban areas to make ceramic filters more affordable for lower-income rural-dwelling populations. By Philip Wilson

Water Revolution from ecofiltro:one on Vimeo.

  • Mzuzu University: Field study of silver and clinoptilolite for HWTS

During June 2013, Ning Jiang, a PhD student from University of California – Santa Barbara, field studied a new disinfectant utilizing silver and clinoptilolite for HWTS in partnership with Mzuzu University Centre of Excellence in Water and Sanitation (Malawi). The work of Ms. Jiang was funded by Safe Water International. The new treatment method was developed in the laboratory of the University of California and the field pilots in Malawi during 2013 have shown promising results. By Rochelle Holm

  • Safi Water Treatment Solutions: Addressing uptake challenges through training

Safi-TOT_HWTSSafi Water Treatment Solutions, a private distributor of the Tulip ceramic water filter in Malawi, is supporting Malawi Red Cross Society in a maternal health project by supplying table top filter units and spare filters for 10,000 beneficiaries as well as training health extension workers and other volunteers to train the users in the importance of correct, consistent, and continued use and maintenance of the filters in order to ensure the best outcomes. In designing the training, Safi referred to recent studies (Casanova et al 2012a; Casanova et al 2012b; Enger et al 2012Peletz et al 2012) which provided insight to achieving high rates of consistent and continued use. The main reasons for discontinuing use included: 1) a lower perceived risk of their water supply; 2) breakages and lack of access to spare parts; and 3) one-off trainings meant that some users did not feel sufficiently informed on reasons for use and how to use and maintain. The development training module sought to address these three issues by reinforcing positive action: 1) make sure user households understood their water risks and why the risk was present and  how to reduce the risk through HWTS amongst other actions; 2) make sure users understood correct use and maintenance including where to get spare parts; and 3) develop a mentoring cadre of on-site health extension workers and volunteers who live near the users and are able to mentor them day-to-day. In addition, continued follow-up support and the safe storage component built into the table-top filter are intended to help assure consistent use. By Joseph DeGabriele

  • US CDC: New study in Kenya on using incentives in an integrated water and health approach

The Rand Corporation, the US Centers for Disease Control and PreventionUniversity of California – Berkeley, and the Safe Water and AIDS Project (SWAP) report that they are working on a pilot study in Kenya funded by the Saving Lives at Birth program to integrate supply and demand side interventions with antenatal care as incentives to motivate increased use of health services. The supply side interventions include training for nurses, and supplies (such as handwashing stations) for clinics, while the demand side interventions include vouchers that can be exchanged for health products sold by community health workers trained by SWAP to be social entrepreneurs. The vouchers are distributed to women during health centre visits and are used like cash to buy health products, including water treatment products, ceramic filters, soap, improved water storage containers, improved cookstoves, feminine hygiene products, and nutritional supplements. The vouchers are valid only for products sold by SWAP entrepreneurs, who get a commission on every product sold as an incentive. The project includes collecting baseline and follow-up data on household hygiene practices and reproductive health service use, and tracking and comparing what products are purchased with the vouchers. The project will last about one year and conclude in November 2014. By Rob Quick


Discussions and Requests

  •  State of Alaska: Tips for implementing HWTS in 5 small communities

Susan Randlett, an engineer with the State of Alaska, works for 5 small communities where using rain and chipped pond ice for drinking water is preferred to the central treated water tap. Water is stored in 30 gallon buckets for 1-2 weeks. Susan is looking for: facts about harm/benefits of the handling methods of drinking preferred source. She would also like to know if chlorine creates disinfection by-products during storage. Finally, she would appreciate hearing about solutions to increase the quantity or convenience of self-hauling or storing of municipal water that cost under $100/home. Please contact Susan Randlett if you can assist (susan.randlett@alaska.gov).


Publications

  • PATH: New publication mapping global strategies for pneumonia and diarrheal disease

PATH, a US-based international NGO focused on innovations in health, has released a policy brief highlighting the array of global policies related to pneumonia and diarrheal disease. This landscape analysis is designed to help donors and global advocates better understand and engage in implementation of the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea, released by the World Health Organization and UNICEF in April 2013. Download the policy brief

  • WASHplus: Blog on Household Drinking Water Quality
The WASHplus blog is part of a USAID-funded project featuring recent research and news on household drinking water quality and related topics. Since the last issue of the HWTS Network newsletter released on July 22, 2013, the WASHplus blog published links to publications in the following subject areas related to HWTS and more generally WASH:

- Current practices in manufacturing locally-made ceramic pot filters
- Development of a quaternized chitosan with enhanced antibacterial efficacy
- Water quality perceptions and willingness to pay for clean water in peri-urban Cambodian communities
- Water and sanitation in the time of cholera
- Remotely Accessible Instrumented Monitoring of Global Development Programs
- Comparative study of disinfectants for use in low-cost gravity driven household water purifiers
- Cluster-randomised controlled trials of individual and combined water, sanitation, hygiene and nutritional interventions
- Evaluating the Sustainability of Ceramic Filters for Point-of-Use Drinking Water Treatment
- Effect of Household-Based Drinking Water Chlorination on Diarrhoea among Children under Five in Orissa
- Tapping the Market Opportunities for Domestic Investments in Water for the Poor
- Water flows, energy demand, and market analysis of the informal water sector in Kisumu, Kenya
- Plasma-treated CNTs key to safer drinking water
- H2S as an Indicator of Water Supply Vulnerability and Health Risk in Low-Resource Settings
- Adapting Enzyme-Based Microbial Water Quality Analysis to Remote Areas in Low-Income Countries
- The impact of loading frequency and copper as a biocide on biosand filter performance
- Factors Affecting Domestic Water Consumption in Rural Households
- The 6 domains of behavior change: the missing health system building block
- Improving Access to Water and Sanitation: Is the Answer Individual Behavioral Change?
Effective Use of Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage in Response to the 2010 Haiti Earthquake
- Developing and testing theory-based and evidence-based interventions to promote switching to arsenic-safe wells
- Preliminary Study on Efficacy of Leaves, Seeds and Bark Extracts of Moringa oleifera in Reducing Bacterial load in Water
- A cluster-randomized trial assessing the impact of school water, sanitation and hygiene improvements on pupil enrolment and gender parity
- Biopolymer-reinforced synthetic granular nanocomposites for affordable point-of-use water purification
- WEDC – The three-pot water treatment system


Education, Work, and Funding Opportunities

  • CAWST Training Workshops

The Center for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology regularly provides training workshops worldwide for individuals and organizations on HWTS and other topics. There are several events planned in coming weeks in Afghanistan, Canada, DR Congo, Laos and Zambia. View the calendar here

  • Alaska Water and Sewer Challenge

The Department of Environmental Conservation of the State of Alaska is soliciting Statements of Qualifications (SOQs) from interested teams to research, develop and test innovative and affordable technologies to provide basic water and sewer service to homes in rural Alaska. Up to six (6) of the highest ranked teams, submitting SOQ’s, will receive funding to develop written proposals in the next phase. Learn more

For WASH sector job listings, please refer to the WASH Vacancies Blog, Global Water Jobs, or the Relief Web Jobs site. If you wish to share an education, job, or funding opportunity with the Network, please tell us by email at hwtsnetwork@unc.edu.

Event Calendar for 2013

Event Calendar for 2014

For more WASH and water-related event listings, please refer to the International Institute for Sustainable Development’s Water Policy & Practice Calendar. If you know of an upcoming international, regional or national event which the HWTS/WASH community should be aware of, please tell us by email at hwtsnetwork@unc.edu.


About this newsletter: This newsletter is produced by the Water Institute at the University of North Carolina in collaboration with WHO and UNICEF as co-hosts of the International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage. Past issues are available at: http://waterinstitute.unc.edu/hwts/newsletter. For further info or to unsubscribe, contact Ryan Rowe at: hwtsnetwork@unc.edu or ryanrowe@unc.edu. Submissions: Contributions to the newsletter are welcome. Please refer to the guidelines on the Water Institute website. Disclaimer: This publication does not necessarily represent the decisions or policies of the World Health Organization or the United Nations Children’s Fund. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization or the United Nations Children’s Fund.


 

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Posted in 2013, Newsletter