Household Water Newsletter, Issue 23

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Dear Colleagues,

We hope that 2013 is off to a great start for all of you. Did you know that this is the United Nations International Year of Water Cooperation? This should be particularly meaningful from the perspective of all of us involved in the HWTS Network – one of the aims of the Network is to foster collaboration and knowledge sharing among its members in order to achieve a multiplier effect in support of scaling up HWTS efforts. In this vein, we are sharing with you a brief 4-page overview of the Network activities from 2012, which you can download here. Many of you contributed to the Network’s achievements which reflects the spirit of this year’s UN theme.

As we move forward in 2013, we welcome your continued questioning, commenting, and contributions to Network activities. If possible, please consider setting aside a bit of time to assist other Network members with less financial and technical means. Finally, you may even wish to put forward an idea of your own as a Network product or make a submission to our newsletter. Contact us to share your thoughts!

In this newsletter, we have also added a new feature to poll you on your thoughts on Network activities. In this issue our question is related to planning a couple of upcoming webinars. We hope that you’ll participate and let us know what topics interest you.

Finally, our colleague Dr. Su Latt Tun Myint at the Department of Medical Research for Lower Myanmar recently won the Young Researcher Award at the 41st Myanmar Health Research Congress held in January. Congratulations to her! You can learn more about her paper below in the “News and Newsletter” section.

Best regards,

Ryan Rowe
Network Communications Officer


Contents of this Newsletter

Click the underlined items to skip to that section

Event Calendar Updates
Thirsting to Serve (March 2013, USA)



Announcements


Network Secretariat: Summary of activities during 2012

The Network Secretariat has prepared a brief summary report of its major activities between January 2012 and December 2012. The document also contains proposed activities for the coming year. We welcome questions or comments. Download the report


Network Secretariat: New additions to our community

The Network Secretariat would like to give a warm welcome to those who have recently joined the HWTS Network community. We now have 140 institutional members and over 1300 individual subscribers to the mailing list. If your organisation would like to participate in the Network, please visit the WHO HWTS Network portal for more information and then complete the membership survey. Individuals can subscribe to our mailing list by emailing hwtsnetwork@unc.edu with a brief introduction of your interest.

New organisations:

  • Ambulatorio Rural Tipo II, a local health authority serving the indigenous community of Kamarata in Venezuela
  • Kashitirth Sevabhavi Sanstha, an NGO focused on capacity building, training and program implementation in Jalna District, Maharashtra State in India

New subscribers:

  • Graham Alabaster
  • Eva Barrenberg
  • Christina Bianchessi
  • Jonathan Drewry
  • Margaret Gillespie
  • Leo Heller
  • Tyler Kesler
  • Jessica Kleinberg
  • Pawan Kumar Labhasetwar
  • Wendy Lu McGill
  • Gertjan Medema
  • Kate Medlicott
  • Ashley Meek
  • Getaw Mekonnen
  • Eric Nitschke
  • Cate Parker
  • Kweku Quansah
  • Loretta Roberts
  • Marcus Marcellus Stahlhofer
  • Akosua Takyiwa Kwakye
  • Admasu Tesfaye Hinsermu
  • Hannah Thames
  • Tony Tsekpetse
  • Su Latt Tun Myint
  • Louis Vernon
  • Kyle Villemain
  • Vincent Viyon Ahove
  • Idrissa Sow
  • Suree Wongpiyachon
  • Alix Zwane
  • Alix Zwane


WHO: Now available, French version of “Evaluating household water treatment options”

The 2011 World Health Organization document “Evaluating household water treatment options: Heath-based targets and microbiological performance specifications” which provides risk-based criteria for evaluating and assessing the performance of household water treatment has now been translated into French. Download


WHO & IWA: Water Safety Plan Training Package

In November 2012, the World Health Organization and the International Water Association published a Water Safety Plan Training Package. A Water Safety Plan is a risk-based preventive approach to protect drinking-water quality and although they are now being adopted worldwide, they are not always fully understood nor implemented by all stakeholders. Face-to-face training is essential to ensure globally successful WSP implementation. Visit the website


CMWG: Ceramic Filter Workshop at WEF Disinfection Conference in February 2013

The Ceramic Filters Manufacturing Working Group announces there will be a Ceramic and Biosand Filter Workshop at the WEF Disinfection 2013 Conference, February 24th-26th at the Hyatt Regency in Indianapolis, USA. This workshop will review the current state of knowledge around the technical, social, and cultural factors that lead to the success – and failure – of ceramic and biosand filter implementations worldwide. Presentations will focus heavily on review and discussion of the latest research. The workshop will focus on biosand filters in the morning and ceramic filters in the afternoon. For more information and to register, please go to the conference website.


ASTMH Annual Meeting: Call for symposia – deadline 5 March 2013

The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH) has issued a Call for Symposia for the 62nd Annual Meeting to be held in November 2013 in Washington, DC. This year, there is a specific interest in proposals for symposia related to WASH, including topics such as the expected impacts of climate change and severe weather on disease burdens; integrating water/sanitation/hygiene strategies with traditional drug/vaccine approaches for disease control; post-2015 review of Millennium Development Goals for WaSH; cholera surveillance and management in Africa. Topics may relate to research, implementation or policy. Submit your symposia proposals by 5 March 2013. A call for abstracts will be issued in mid-March. Download the Call for Symposia.


Water Institute at UNC: Applications Available for Water Safety Plan Distance Learning Pilot Program

The Water Institute at UNC, a research institute based at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, is offering a Distance Learning Programme in Water Safety Plans. This course will enable skill and capacity building in global best practices for Water Safety Plans; flexibility to study from your own computer; and professional recognition. To receive application and additional info email the Water Institute (waterinstitute@unc.edu).


WEDC International Conference: Call for papers – deadline 15 February 2013

The Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) at Loughborough University is hosting its 36th WEDC International Conference in Nakuru, Kenya, from 1-5 July 2013. Titled “Delivering Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Services in an Uncertain Environment“, the annual WEDC conference will include three days of presentations and debate on peer-reviewed content, followed by a two-day capacity development programme designed to develop skills and knowledge in various topic areas. Submit your papers and other contributions by 15 February 2013. Download Call for Papers



News and Newsletters


AquaOvo: Crowd-funding appeal raises nearly US$75,000

AquaOvo, a Canadian manufacturer of high-end water filters, has raised US$75,000 through IndieGogo, a crowd-funding platform. The funds will be used to launch a new venture with a social impact component that will benefit another one of our Network members, Ecofiltro, a ceramic water filter operation in Guatemala. Social ventures have increasingly been turning to social media for crowd-based fundraising and generating results. 1FaceWatch, a US company which sells watches and donates a portion of its revenue to charitable initiatives (including water), recently raised US$375,000 in a matter of months.


Carolina for Kibera: Grant Awarded for Diarrhoeal Disease Prevention through HWTS/WASH

Carolina for Kibera, a US and Kenya registered NGO, has been awarded a grant of US$270,000 from Ronald McDonald House Charities to help decrease child mortality in the Kibera slum in Nairobi. The program will aim to develop a sustainable, locally-managed system of 100-trained community health promoters serving households with basic care and health education. Efforts will be focused primarily on diarrhoeal disease prevention in children under 5 through education on WASH (including HWTS) by local community health promoters.


Government of Myanmar: Paper on childhood illness burden wins award

The Department of Medical Research (Lower Myanmar) reports that it recently presented research at the 41st Myanmar Health Research Congress (7-11 January, 2013). The research supports further the need for HWTS promotion for under five children in low and middle income peri-urban households to combat acute diarrhoea as well as acute respiratory infection. The lead author, Dr Su Latt Tun Myint, won the conference’s Young Researcher Award. Read the abstract


Mzuzu SMART Centre: Newly launched water and sanitation centre in Malawi

The Mzuzu SMART Centre, based at Mzuzu University in northern Malawi, has launched with funding support from Aqua for All. The Centre focuses on training local businesses, civil society and other interested groups to produce and sell a range of new low-cost water and sanitation solutions, including HWTS, manual drilling of tube wells, fabrication of rope pumps, no cement latrine designs, and more. The goal is to establish a sustainable and compatible supply sector of options which can reduce cost of communal systems and that are affordable for (groups of) households. For more information please contact Dr. Rochelle Holm, SMART Centre Manager (Cell: +265992159079 or +265882725730; E-mail: rochelledh@hotmail.com).

Nazava Filters: Activities in 2012

Nazava Filters, an Indonesian ceramic water filter distributor and marketer, released a round-up of its activities in 2012. Download


Solar Solutions: Solar pasteurizers for water purification

The The University of Ibadan, Nigeria has recently completed a study of the effectiveness of solar pasteurizers in improving water quality. The products tested were the Aquapak solar pasteurizer, manufactured by Network member Solar Solutions. Download the study


Summit on the Summit: Successful ascent to top of Mt Kilimanjaro

A group of cultural icons and safe water advocates successfully ascended Mt. Kilimanjaro in their bid to raise awareness of the global clean water crisis. The effort was known as the “Summit on the Summit”. Network member P&G Children’s Safe Drinking Water Program was part of the team. Read more


SWAP Kenya: Annual Report for 2012 now available

Safe Water and AIDS Project Kenya, an NGO focused on working with populations affected by HIV & AIDS, has released its annual report. The publication contains information about its partners, activities in HWTS and beyond and approach to management and governance. Download


WHO: Register to receive the monthly “Bulletin”

The World Health Organization Bulletin is a peer-reviewed monthly public health journal with a special focus on developing countries. The journal publishes research, opinion and news pieces on health topics ranging from policy to practice. If you would like to receive a monthly email notification of the latest issue, register here.



Discussions and Requests


Ambulatorio Rural Tipo II: Please share experiences with us

Ambulatorio Rural Tipo II is a grassroots initiative seeking to improve the water supply for the native indigenous Pemon people of Kamarata, located at the Canaima National Park, in the state of Bolívar in Venezuela. There are about 4000 people in the community. The young physician working with the government-funded rural health centre would like to know where he should start to begin a program to help his people. Anyone who would like to assist is asked to contact Francisco Marco (franciscomarcoc@gmail.com).


University of Johannesburg: Please share design models for ceramic water filter

The University of Johannesburg has created an open source collection to disseminate knowledge gained in the research and development of the Vhembe Water Filter. Although the Vhembe Water Filter is not currently being manufactured, the CAD models available in our collection will allow others to further the design into manufactured prototypes (and thereafter possibly tooling for production). The sketch portfolio may assist others who are exploring alternative solutions to problems encountered in the rural setting. Links to the dissertation allow for others to read through and understand the entire process of field research, data gathering, data analysis and the development of a solution to suit the intended users. University researcher Martin Bolton asks that we share this resource widely. Access the collection


Water Institute at UNC: Requesting water quality studies

The JMP post 2015 Water Working Group is conducting a review of the safety of improved sources of drinking water sources and would like to offer you the opportunity to submit information for consideration.

The study, being conducted by the Water Institute at UNC, focuses on priority health related contaminants as identified by the JMP Taskforce on Monitoring Drinking-Water Quality, namely arsenic, Escherichia coli (or thermotolerant coliform) and fluoride, and covers the following questions: (1) Is water from improved sources more frequently compliant with health guidelines than water from unimproved sources? (2) Are compliance levels consistent between and within countries? (3) Are some types of improved water source associated with higher levels of contamination or sanitary risk?

If your organization has conducted studies that could inform this review, please contact Robert Bain (rbain@unc.edu).




Stories from the Field


By Ryan Rowe: Commercial approach to ceramic filters in Ethiopia

During a recent visit to Addis Ababa, we met with Tulip Addis Water Filter, a private company selling ceramic water filters in Ethiopia since 2010. Its product, known as the “Tulip” water filter, is a siphon device with a ceramic element. The company reports a brisk business in meeting the programmatic needs of local and international NGOs, with sales across all nine of Ethiopia’s regions and total volume of approximately 60,000 filters a year.

The filter, manufactured by Network member Basic Water Needs of India, is sold by other companies in at least half a dozen countries around the world, including Malawi and Mozambique where it has recently been introduced by local entrepreneurs. Depending on distribution and marketing costs, the retail price tends to range from US$15 to US$25.

Although considered a relatively low-cost product, Tulip Addis General Manager Getaw Cherinet acknowledges that his filter is still unaffordable to many low-income earners. “Most of my customers are actually NGOs who give away the filters or sell them at reduced prices in order to better serve populations in need”, he says. In order to lower the retail cost further, the company has plans to build a factory and produce the ceramic element locally, in partnership with the manufacturer. With the additional production capacity, the company plans to expand into other East African markets and introduce a table-top version of the filter to make it more aesthetically pleasing and user-friendly. An added benefit of investing in a local production facility is to improve the availability of spare parts. Getaw also mentioned that he recently partnered on a proposal to evaluate the use of targeted vouchers to stimulate purchase by low-income families, an innovation which has been discussed at recent Network events.

Photo credit: Ryan Rowe

The Tulip filter has a useful life of about 7000L of drinking water and can produce filtered water at a flow rate of about 5 litres per hour. Although no peer-reviewed studies have been published on the microbiological effectiveness of the device, Tulip Addis Water Filter says their product has been approved by government authorities prior to introduction to the market. Getaw agreed that having independent researchers monitor and evaluate his product’s performance in the field and publish the findings in a journal would be a useful addition to the evidence base and help him better market his product. He welcomed researchers who might be interested in such a study.

Getaw also shared his view on key challenges to doing business in the Ethiopian market. “There is a foreign currency shortage in Ethiopia”, he says, “This makes it difficult for vendors to obtain bank-guaranteed letters of credit with which they could purchase at higher volume from overseas. This is one of the main incentives for me to invest in a local production facility.” In addition, he reports that his clients often face funding constraints or delays making it difficult for him to reliably predict sales volume and forecast inventory requirements.

For those interested to learn more about Tulip Addis Water Filter including researchers interested in an evaluation, please contact Getaw Cherinet (getawmc@live.com).



Recent Events


African Leadership on Child Survival, January 2013

In an effort to catalyze global action for improved child survival, the Governments of Ethiopia, India, and the United States together with UNICEF held the ‘Child Survival Call to Action’ in Washington DC, USA. in June 2012. Under the banner of ‘Committing to Child Survival: A Promise Renewed’, more than 160 governments signed a pledge to renew their commitment to child survival, to eliminate all preventable child mortality in two decades. Progress toward this goal was reported by UNICEF in September 2012.

To maintain the momentum created by the June meeting of leaders, the Government of Ethiopia convened the African Leadership for Child Survival—A Promise Renewed” Meeting January 16-18, 2013, in Addis Ababa, the seat of the African Union. The meeting brought together leaders from African countries. View the agenda

Some clear decisions emerged from the discussions described in this summary of Key Messages, an output of the meeting. Three key actions are prioritised: 1) evidence-based country plans, 2) transparency and mutual accountability, and 3) global commitment & social mobilization. In addition, a roadmap was created with emphasis on several high impact solutions to improve child survival. Our work in household water treatment and safe storage (and by extension improved access to safe water) has clear links to at least three of these solutions: reducing stunted growth through improved nutritional status, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, and social/behavioral change for improved health. Through workshops, publications and our communications activities, the Network aims to provide you with the information to integrate HWTS effectively into your program planning (or that of your partners) to achieve these health objectives and the overall goal of improving child survival. If you need further information or guidance, please contact us.


Ceramic Pot Filters Side Event at Water and Health Conference, November 2012

In November 2012, the Ceramic Filter Manufacturing Working Group, PATH and Tufts University convened a session at the Water and Health Conference to discuss manufacturing practices and recent research to improve product quality and microbiological efficacy and contribute to the sustainable and scalable operation of filter factories. The organisers have recently added a summary report to the list of proceedings online. Click to learn more


Meeting of Executive Board of the CDM to Kyoto Protocol, September 2012

The Executive Board of the Clean Development Mechanism to the Kyoto Protocol held its 69th meeting from 9-13 September, 2012. During the meeting, they agreed to revise methodology AMS-III.AV to allow HWT options that meet the WHO “interim” protective target to generate carbon credits for sale in the compliance market. The revision was made in response to a request made by Network member South Pole Carbon Asset Management. The proceedings of the meeting are available on the Clean Development Mechanism website


Webinar on Carbon credits and HWTS, July 2012

In July 2012, the Network hosted a webinar titled: “Carbon credits and HWTS: A viable “green” funding mechanism?” to explore how household water treatment implementers can tap into the carbon markets to finance the delivery of their programs. The webinar provided an overview of how carbon markets function, identified methodologies for linking HWT to carbon-based funding and highlighted the main considerations in utilising carbon finance. Click to learn more


Network Workshops on HWTS Strategies and Policies, June 2012: Update from Malawi

Malawi: Following the Network workshop held in Maputo, Mozambique in June 2012, the Government of Malawi commissioned a report by a consultant to review the status of HWTS in the country. The report recommends five key actions in order to enable scaling up HWTS. The review was funded by Aqua for All and 300in6. Download


Meeting of the International SCWSM Network, June 2012

Our colleagues at the WHO-hosted Small Community Water Supply Management Network (SCWSM) held their 7th Network meeting from 5-7 June 2012 in Zaragoza, Spain. The meeting was co-organized by the World Health Organization and the Zaragoza-based UN-Water Decade Programme on Advocacy and Communication. The meeting provided an update on recent Network activities, key sector developments and an opportunity to discuss the work plan for 2012/2013. Download the report



Publications


UN Water: United Nations Bimonthly Publications Review on water and sanitation

The UN-Water Decade Programme on Advocacy and Communication has released its fourteenth issue of its Bimonthly Publications Review in English and Spanish. This Review features the latest publications produced by UN agencies and programmes on issues related to water and sanitation. These publications are all free and can be downloaded from the web. Download the latest review in English and en Español


WASHplus: Household Drinking Water Quality Blog Updates

The WASHplus blog is part of a USAID-funded project featuring recent research and news on household drinking water quality and related topics. Its purpose is to create awareness and promote interest on household drinking water quality. Since the last issue of the HWTS Network newsletter on December 22, 2012, WASHplus published links on its blog to publications in the following subject areas related to HWTS and more generally WASH:

  • Pasteurization of water using solar Aquapak: A case study | link
  • Acceptance and Use of Eight Arsenic-Safe Drinking Water Options in Bangladesh | link
  • Water Diaries: generate intra-household water use data – generate water use behaviour change | link
  • The burden of common childhood illnesses in peri-urban households: the multiple effects of multiple exposures to environmental conditions | link
  • Carbon credits and HWTS: A viable “green” funding mechanism? | link
  • Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage in Malawi: A Preliminary Consultative Study | link
  • Using ArcMap, Google Earth, and Global Positioning Systems to select and locate random households in rural Haiti | link
  • Equity in water and sanitation: Developing an index to measure progressive realization of the human right | link
  • Community mobilization and household level waste management for dengue vector control | link
  • David Lloyd Owen analysis of WASH data in Global Burden of Disease study | link
  • The Cure for Cholera — Improving Access to Safe Water and Sanitation | link
  • Cholera Surveillance during the Haiti Epidemic — The First 2 Years | link
  • The joint effects of efficacy and compliance: A study of household water treatment effectiveness against childhood diarrhea | link
  • Global costs and benefits of reaching universal coverage of sanitation and drinking-water supply | link
  • The Human Right(s) to Water and Sanitation: History, Meaning and the Controversy Over Privatization | link
  • Potential Viability of WaterCredit & Microfinance Solutions in Indonesia | link
  • Hygiene intervention reduces contamination of weaning food in Bangladesh | link
  • WHO – Arsenic Fact Sheet, Dec 2012 | link
  • Arsenic Contaminated Groundwater and Its Treatment Options in Bangladesh | link
  • Relative benefits of on-plot water supply over other ‘improved’ sources in rural Vietnam | link
  • Water safety and inequality in access to drinking-water between rich and poor households | link
  • Key 2012 HWTS Studies, Manuals | link
  • Presentations from the 2012 HWTS Annual Network Meeting | link
  • USAID Global Waters, Dec 2012 – Healthy Ecosystems, Healthy People | link



Education, Work, and Funding Opportunities


CAWST: Country and Regional Workshops on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage – ongoing registration

The Center for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology regularly provides training workshops worldwide for individuals and organizations that serve the poor in developing countries. Workshops have a local host, draw participants from across the country or region and are arranged on a demand-driven basis. The curriculum uses hands-on, interactive learning to cover the theory and technical skills participants need to plan, implement or participate in water and sanitation programs in their location. There are several events planned in coming weeks in Afghanistan, Canada and Laos. View the calendar here


Rotary and UNESCO-IHE: Scholarships for Water and Sanitation Professionals – deadline 15 July 2013

Rotary and the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education have teamed up to tackle the world’s water and sanitation crisis by increasing the number of trained professionals to devise, plan, and implement solutions in developing and emerging countries. Through this partnership, The Rotary Foundation will provide grants to Rotary clubs and districts to select and sponsor eight students each year. Click here to learn more.


Temasek: Scholarship for Water Leadership – deadline 8 March 2013

The Temasek Foundation, a philanthropic organisation established by the Singapore Government, has established a Water Leadership Programme to develop the capacity of Asian water utilities managers in governance, effective management practices and strategies. Scholarships are offered to teams of 5-7 members from a single country in the Asia region which comprises a diverse mix of professionals from government, water utilities, NGOs and private sector. Tuition and hotel expense will be funded however accepted participants are responsible for airfare and incidental expenses. The programme will take place from 6-17 May 2013 in Singapore. Click here to learn more


ICLEI: Senior Water and Sanitation Professional Officer – deadline 1 March 2013

ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability – Africa is an association of cities and local governments dedicated to sustainable development. They are currently recruiting for a Senior Water and Sanitation Project Officer to be based in Cape Town, South Africa. For more information, click here.


DINEPA: Consulting opportunity in Haiti – no deadline specified

DINEPA (the National Directorate of Water and Sanitation) in Haiti is seeking a specialist on rural water infrastructure for a consultancy to advise on technical and operational aspects of rural water infrastructure systems for communities of <10,000 people. The consultancy would be a 1-2 month technical assistance trip, including site visits and reporting. French is not required. Experience with design and implementation and maintenance of rural water infrastructure systems in other countries is required. Please contact Pierre-Yves Rochat (pierreyves.rochat@dinepa.gouv.ht) for more information.

For WASH sector job listings, please refer to the WASH Vacancies Blog or the Relief Web Jobs site. If you wish to share an education, job, or funding opportunity with the Network, please tell us by email at hwtsnetwork@unc.edu or hhwater@who.int.


Event Calendar for 2013

For more WASH and water-related event listings, please refer to the Water Policy & Practice Calendar. If you know of an upcoming international, regional or national event which the HWTS/WASH community should be aware of, please tell us by email at hwtsnetwork@unc.edu or hhwater@who.int.


About this newsletter: This newsletter is produced every six to eight weeks by the Water Institute at the University of North Carolina in collaboration with WHO and UNICEF as co-hosts of the International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage. Past issues are available at: http://hwts.web.unc.edu/newsletter/. For further info or to subscribe/unsubscribe, contact Ryan Rowe at: hwtsnetwork@unc.edu or ryanrowe@unc.edu.

Contributions: Contributions to the newsletter are welcome. Please refer to the guidelines on the Water Institute website.

Disclaimer: This publication does not necessarily represent the decisions or policies of the World Health Organization or the United Nations Children’s Fund. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization or the United Nations Children’s Fund.


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