We have two special announcements in this issue of our monthly newsletter:
Present your Work at the Network’s Annual Meeting: At the upcoming Annual Meeting of the Network, we are going to have a Soapbox Session during which up to ten Network members will have the opportunity to present a brief 5-minute overview of their work in HWTS. The Network Secretariat is inviting submissions. See details in the Announcements section below.
Guest Contributor: In this month’s issue we are featuring our first-ever guest writer – Kai Morrill of Potters Without Borders. Kai writes about how distribution models can impact program effectiveness and shares news and photos from the ceramic filter factory in Somaliland. Since we do not yet have a comment function available, please reply directly to this email if you have any questions.
Thank you to all those who took the time to provide feedback on our monthly newsletter! Your comments are greatly appreciated and we will take this on board and update you shortly. In the meantime, you can see the feedback provided by downloading the survey results here.
Network Communications Officer
Contents of this Newsletter
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The 2012 Annual Meeting of the HWTS Network will take place on 29 October 2012 in conjunction with the University of North Carolina Water and Health Conference. The meeting will include sessions on HWTS national policies and enabling environment, integration, scaling-up HWTS interventions, as well as updates from the working groups and break-out sessions focusing on efforts and tools to improve monitoring and evaluation and promote best practices. Selected short examples (5 minutes) from Network participating organizations regarding integration, innovative financing, behavior change, scaling-up and sustainability will also be presented. Those organizations interested in being considered to present are asked to send a brief paragraph to Maggie Montgomery (email@example.com) and Michael Forson (firstname.lastname@example.org) on what they propose to speak about. Presentations will be selected based on relevance to above topics and active participation in the Network.
Eawag, aka the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, is pleased to announce its involvement as a convener of the upcoming GeoGen 2013 conference in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 5-7 February 2013. The event will focus on the following themes: health challenges associated with geogenic contamination, technologies for arsenic/fluoride mitigation, behaviour change, policy, and social entrepreneurship. In addition to Eawag, the event is being convened by Addis Ababa University, World Vision, the Chemical Society of Ethiopia, and the World Health Organization. Click here for more info
UN-Water, the United Nations inter-agency coordination mechanism for all freshwater related issues, invites you to nominate your best practice for the 3rd edition of the ‘Water for Life’ UN-Water Best Practices Award. The prize is awarded yearly in two categories, one in best water management practices and another one in best participatory, communication, awareness-raising and education practices. HWTS has featured significantly in past years, with Fundacion SODIS winning in 2011-2012, and Safe Water and AIDS Project Kenya taking runner-up in 2010-2011. This year the theme is ‘water cooperation’. The application period is open from 30 June to 15 September 2012. Prizes will be awarded on World Water Day, March 22, 2013. Learn more
Aqua for All is a Dutch NGO working to increase access to safe drinking water and provide adequate sanitation for the poor. In the next few years they intend to explore opportunities in “base of the pyramid” market opportunities for safe water and sanitation services. The potential for rainwater harvesting to contribute to food security and groundwater replenishment are also being explored as well as new service models for sanitation including the collection of the human waste for processing into valuable resources for energy and agriculture. Their annual report for 2011 was released during July 2012. Download it here
A ceramic water filter initiative implemented in Cambodia by iDE Cambodia and Hydrologic was named a winner of the 2012 Ashden Awards. The Ashden Awards are presented annually to encourage the greater use of local sustainable energy to address climate change and alleviate poverty. This year, iDE/Hydrologic won the award for “avoided deforestation” because the filters effectively reduce the burning of wood and charcoal for boiling water. iDE introduced locally produced ceramic filters to Cambodia in 2001 with technical support from Potters for Peace. Hydrologic was spun off as a social enterprise in 2009 to deliver clean water products to rural customers, creating social and environmental benefits while being financially self-sustaining. From 2009 to 2011, Hydrologic received financial and technical support from WaterSHED Asia, a USAID-funded project led by the University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, which aims to bring effective, affordable water and sanitation products to market in Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam.
300in6, the Netherlands-based platform for enabling access to safe water by 300 million more people in six years, is conducting a study on carbon finance for HWTS and proximity services. It examines issues for a safe water professional, exploring verification and claimed avoided emissions. The report, due out this September, assesses the value and risks of carbon finance compared with other funding options. For more information please contact Carole de Bazignan (email@example.com) who is leading this effort.
LIFESAVER systems, a UK manufacturer working in the water and sanitation sector since 2007, provides a range of point-of-use water treatment technologies that remove the need to store clean water through the provision of instant fast flowing filters. They are currently supporting WASH projects in 30 countries with 38,000 devices deployed in 2011. As a result of joining DFID’s Rapid Response Facility (DFID is the Department for International Development, the foreign aid arm of the British Government) they have developed a new product named the LIFESAVER cube which will launch this month. The team at LIFESAVER systems would also like to announce its interest in collaborating with other Network participants on pilot studies within key areas where point-of-use filtration can make an immediate difference, such as in refugee camps, flood-affected environments and areas at high risk from waterborne diseases. For further information contact Mike O’Connor firstname.lastname@example.org.
Former US President William J. Clinton arrived in Uganda as part of a campaign to end diarrhoeal deaths among Ugandan children by increasing access to the most effective treatment – zinc and oral rehydration solutions. Click to read more
Problems with inadequate and low quality water supply cause serious problems in Somaliland. Safe clean drinking water has become a commodity, particularly so in more urban areas such as Hargeisa. Mined water is transported by water tanker and donkey cart for sale to most households.
Consultants from Potters Without Borders responded to a request by the German Red Cross to increase production at the Biyo Miire filter factory which is administered by the Somaliland Red Crescent Society.
During the month-long visit a new, larger, liquified petroleum gas-fired kiln was built using brick manufactured on site with local materials. Issues of work flow, improved filter qualities and factory process were addressed. These visits allow for valuable information exchange between remote producers and the international community of filter producers. Factory best practices and current innovations are discussed on a daily basis in order to bring to light real issues encountered in production.
The Biyo Miire factory is enjoying a steady increase in demand for their filters and is becoming, under the guidance of the SRCS, a valuable asset in the battle against waterborne disease in the Somaliland region.
Photo 1: Kilnsman from Biyo Miire factory in Hargeisa, Somaliland; presenting the current model of Ceramic Pot Filter being produced.
Photo 2: Assistant manager of Biyo Miire factory in Hargeisa Somaliland, Abdi Fatah, preforming flow testing of Ceramic Pot Filters.
Photo 3: Head Kilnsman Hassan completing the loading of the new LPG filter kiln at Biyo Miire Factory in Hargeisa Somaliland.
Photo credit: Kai Morrill
Thanks to Kai Morrill at Potters Without Borders for this field report. Please contact Kai with any questions.
Laboratory testing has revealed the effectiveness of ceramic pot filters in terms of their ability to remove water borne pathogens. How is it then, that field test results find varying effectiveness within individual families in terms of their effect on reducing water borne disease?
The answer lies somewhere in between the process of production and the end user. It is apparent that the ability to produce a quality filter unit is not the ultimate goal in projects aiming to provide families with adequate clean drinking water. If care is not taken in the methods of distribution and dissemination of the technology, the filters may not have sufficient opportunity to become fully effective tools against waterborne disease.
When developing a sustainable plan for the implementation of new filter projects significant emphasis is put on establishing a partnership with an independent monitoring agency. This relationship not only involves the testing of source and filtered water in controlled laboratory tests, but also collects data regarding household use. Valuable data is collected in these field tests, particularly in establishing how the filter is being used and maintained in the home.
Models of filter distribution methods vary significantly, even within single distribution areas. A factory that retails its own product through door to door sales often displays a greater connection to proper filter use and maintenance, as opposed to wholesale distributors where a distributor organization may not have a reasonable plan in place to ensure the filter users are properly educated.
Although the factory itself is oriented to maintain a high volume of sales, arguably, sales which result in ineffective filter use may reduce buyer confidence. It is in the factory’s interest to ally with partners who will ensure that proper practices for filter use are an integral part of filter sales because ultimately purchases are driven by demonstrable improvements in the health of the filter users. It is appropriate therefore, for the responsibility for proper dissemination to be shared with the agencies which implement the filter projects and NGO buyers wishing to utilize purchased filters in their programs. Partners should develop, monitor, and assess distribution methods in order to maintain competent results in disease reduction.
For additional resources on ceramic water filter effectiveness and program design, please refer to:
- Sobsey M et al (2007). UNC Household Water Filter Treatment and Health Research in Cambodia: 2005-2007. | Download
This PowerPoint presentation summarises and briefly compares the results of two independent assessments in Cambodia on use, effectiveness and implementation issues of 1) ceramic water filters (by J Brown, 2007); and 2) bio sand filters (by K Liang, 2007).
- Brown, JM (2007). Effectiveness of ceramic filtration for drinking water treatment in Cambodia. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina. | Download
This study examines the microbiological effectiveness of locally produced ceramic filters in laboratory and field level at Cambodia.
At the Singapore International Water Week in July 2012, the WHO and the Public Utilities Board of Singapore co-organized a workshop titled, “Water Safety Planning for Small Community Water Supplies – Launch and Introduction to the WSP Manual”. The manual is designed to engage, empower and guide communities to develop and implement Water Safety Plans (WSPs). It outlines how to develop and implement a WSP through six achievable tasks. The session will also highlight other WHO initiatives related to small systems, including the Small Community Water Supply Management Network and cost-benefit analysis of water supply interventions applied to small community systems. Click here for more information
During July 2012, the Network hosted a webinar on carbon credits and HWTS and over 80 people joined for the discussion. If you missed it, you can download the speaker presentations and watch the webinar online. We are currently preparing a summary of the session including answers to the questions that were raised and hope to release the report shortly. Click here for more information
The Rural Water Supply Network, a global network of professionals and practitioners in rural water supply, has just released a report of its activities from the World Water Forum in Marseille, France. Download the report here.
This report is a UNICEF contribution to the multi-stakeholder initiative that has been established to develop an integrated global action plan for prevention and control of pneumonia and diarrhoea. By 2015 more than 2 million child deaths could be averted if national coverage of cost-effective interventions for pneumonia and diarrhoea were raised to the level of the richest 20 per cent in the highest mortality countries. This is an achievable goal for many countries as they work towards more ambitious targets such as universal coverage. Download the report
WASHplus is a USAID-funded project featuring recent research and news on household drinking water quality in developing countries. Its purpose is to create awareness and promote interest on household drinking water quality. During July 2012, WASHplus published links on its blog to publications in the following subject areas related to HWTS and more generally WASH:
– Relationships between water, sanitation and infant, child, and maternal mortality | link
– Water Purification using Moringa oleifera and Other Locally Available Seeds in Fiji for Heavy Metal Removal | link
– Impact of Water Scarcity and Drudgery of Water Collection on Women’ Health in Ogun of Nigeria | link
– Public perception of drinking water safety in South Africa 2002-2009 | link
– Investigation of Quaternary Ammonium Silane (QAS)-coated Sand Filter | link
– Bibliography of 2012 HWTS Studies by Mark Sobsey | link
– Bibliography of 2012 HWTS studies by Robert Quick | link
– Bibliography of 2012 HWTS studies by Thomas Clasen | link
– WASHplus Weekly: Focus on HIV/AIDS and WASH | link
– Impact of a School-Based Hygiene Promotion and Sanitation Intervention on Pupil Hand Contamination | link
– Benefits of Water Safety Plans: Microbiology, Compliance, and Public Health | link
– An evaluation of an operations research project to reduce childhood stunting | link
– Comparison of treated laterite as arsenic adsorbent from different locations and performance of best filter under field conditions | link
– WaterSHED laboratory presents water filter study results | link
– Determining behavioral factors for interventions to increase safe water consumption | link
– Arsenic removal for ceramic water filters | link
– The Effect of Water Quality Testing on Household Behavior | link
– Prevalence and factors associated with Group A rotavirus infection among children with acute diarrhea in Mwanza, Tanzania | link
– Estimating Diarrhea Mortality among Young Children in Low and Middle Income Countries | link
Education, Work, and Funding Opportunities
The Center for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology regularly provides training workshops worldwide for individuals and organizations that serve the poor in developing countries. These workshops have a local host, and may draw participants from across the country or region. Workshops are arranged on a demand-driven basis. Our curriculum uses hands-on learning and plenty of interaction to cover the theory and technical skills participants need to plan, implement or participate in water and sanitation programs in their location. There are two workshops (both in Calgary, Canada) dealing with HWTS planned for the month of August. Calendar of workshops for 2012
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation is seeking a Director of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene to provide overall leadership of the WS&H program, with a specific focus on non-piped sanitation. The Director will focus on executing the current strategy and will be responsible for overseeing grant making, grant management, advocacy, people management and reporting on the portfolio. The Director will participate in the Global Development Leadership Team and contribute to the Global Development Program, and the broader foundation, through management and cultural leadership and a willingness to share knowledge as appropriate. Click to learn more
Wello is a social venture which has developed a water storage and transport method for the Indian market. They are seeking a dynamic and self-motivated individual to help launch activities in Rajasthan. Responsibilities include supply chain coordination, relationship and business development, strategic planning and implementation. This is a three month fellowship with a stipend and an opportunity for continued employment. Click to learn more
The Australian Agency for International Development is issuing a call for proposals for the new Civil Society, Water Sanitation and Hygiene Fund. The AusAID Civil Society WASH Fund is a $97 million competitive grants program that will run from July 2012 until February 2017 and will support civil society organisations to deliver WASH programs in Africa, Asia and the Pacific. Proposals are invited from Australian CSOs as well as suitably experienced international CSOs (partnerships with national CSOs will be supported). Deadline to apply for funding is 24 August, 2012. Click here to learn more
For more job listings in the WASH sector, please refer to the WASH Vacancies Blog or the Relief Web Jobs site. If you are a registered Network participant and you wish to share an education, job, or funding opportunity with the Network please contact Ryan Rowe, Network Communications Officer, for assistance.