The period for providing comments on the revised WHO/UNICEF toolkit on monitoring and evaluating household water treatment and safe storage began in mid-March and has now come to a close. This is the second peer review and comments were received from over a dozen Network participants. The time and effort the reviewers took to provide input is very much appreciated. All comments can be reviewed on the “Discussion” tab on EzCollab or by clicking here. You will need a username and password – please contact Ryan Rowe at firstname.lastname@example.org if you need to get that set up.
Some of the key comments most frequently raised by the reviewers that will be addressed in the final revisions include: (a) broaden scope to consider M&E by an implementer, including a section on M&E of the process of delivering HWTS, (b) provide more references and resources regarding key components of planning and conducting M&E, including sampling and (c) provide a clear summary of recommended indicators early in the text for easy extraction and use, especially for broader programmes where HWTS is one of many components.
WHO and UNICEF will work on addressing all comments, providing feedback to the reviewers, and revising the document accordingly. The target is to finalize this process in the coming months and, pending publication approvals, release the final document in Q4 of 2012.
Michael Forson, UNICEF
Maggie Montgomery, WHO
Contents of this Newsletter
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Produced by 300in6 in the Netherlands, this new quarterly magazine ‘Upscale – the Safe Water Review’ looks at progress in HWTS and decentralised water services. It features many photos along with articles written in a lively fashion. Launched at the World Water Forum in Marseille, the first issue featured articles on design, social investment, industrial revolution, record keeping, and stories from the field. Future issues will include filters, monitoring, customer service, carbon finance, hedging, and an annual supplement. Comments and contributions are welcomed by the editorial team. Join safe water specialists, impact investors, regulators, communicators and other professionals in receiving this publication by email or hard copy. Click here to read more and download the first issue or contact 300in6
On March 30, 2012, Antenna released two recommendations regarding the use and storage of sodium hypochlorite produced using its devices. First, it is recommended to use and consume sodium hypochlorite solution within 24 hours of its production. Secondly, where this is not possible, it is recommended to add sodium hydroxide (also known as caustic soda) to stabilize the PH level of the product and allow it to be stored for up to six months while maintaining its effectiveness in treating drinking water. For sodium hypochlorite manufacturers in the field, some additional equipment may be required. Please read the guidance notes and contact Antenna directly for further details. Download in English || Download in French
The next meeting of the WHO-hosted International Small Community Water Supply Management Network (SCWSMN) will take place on 5-7 June 2012 in Zaragoza, Spain. The objectives of the meeting are to review progress on the SCWSMN’s programme of work, discuss issues related to the adoption of guidance tools at the practioner/institutional level, and agree on the workplan for 2012-2013. Also on the agenda is a discussion session on awareness-raising practices of water operators hosted by the UN-Water Decade Programme on Advocacy and Communication. For more information on the SCWSMN please visit the website. If you would like to get involved, contact Ryan Rowe at email@example.com.
Professor Mark Sobsey, Alice Wang, Nimit Arora, Alan Lefebvre, and Crista Farrell from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Dr. Lanakila “Ku” McMahan from Florida International University recently won US$15,000 at a competition for their water quality test which detects and quantifies fecal bacteria in water. Designed for the field, the test aims to bring microbial water testing capability to areas of the world where microbial water quality testing has been unreachable, impractical, or unaffordable. The test will be useful for users who want or need to test drinking water, source water, and other waters for fecal microbes, especially E. coli and hydrogen-sulphide-producing (H2S) bacteria in order to know if the water is microbially safe or not. The test takes up to 24 hours and does not need electricity to operate. The team is in the midst of forming a company to globally market the compartment bag on a commercial basis and are seeking investors for the new venture. Click on the three links below for more news on the award, a video by Professor Sobsey, and the technical aspects of how the product works, respectively.
UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health: School team wins US$15,000 at the Carolina Challenge
LAUNCH.org: Low-Cost Bacterial Water Tests
MEASURE Evaluation: Plastic Bags for Testing Water Quality
Note: Professor Sobsey’s early field work on this project was featured in our April 2011 newsletter. You can read it here.
A year and a half ago, a pilot program to give rural families affordable water purification issued 40 dispensers that served 6,000 people in Kenyan villages. Today, more than 400,000 people in Kenya and other countries such as Haiti, Bangladesh, India, Swaziland, Peru, and Somalia have access to clean water based on this method. The approach, which uses an inexpensive chlorine solution and a plastic dispenser that was custom made to distribute doses at communal water sources, was developed and implemented in a partnership between the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Harvard University, Innovations for Poverty Action, Kenya Ministry of Water, and Kenya Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation. The project was borne out of the lessons learned from an initial study focused on HWTS in Western Kenya, on which a working paper has been prepared and is available online. Click to read more
The 2011 Annual Meeting of the International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage was held in Chapel Hill, USA on 3 October 2011. 80 individuals gathered for the meeting, representing 55 different organisations. Proceedings included presentations, panel discussions and break-out sessions.
Major initiatives in HWTS were presented and participants discussed key challenges, successes, and new opportunities for scaling-up and sustaining HWTS. Key themes of discussion included the integration of household water treatment and safe storage into broader water and health programmes and the development of standardised tools in monitoring & evaluation and technology performance. Participants also convened in working groups on advocacy/policy, implementation/integration/scaling-up, monitoring & evaluation, and research/knowledge advancement.
The main outcomes of the meeting were the sharing of challenges, successes and lessons learned among Network participants and initial discussions on draft action plans among the four working
groups for 2012. In addition, on days prior to and following the Network meeting the Network Advisory Group and the Network Public-Private Partnership Group met for the first time in Phase II (2011-2016) of the Network. These groups offer leadership and expert input regarding key initiatives, such as the proposed WHO-led international household water treatment evaluation scheme.
Selected proceedings from the 2011 Network Annual Meeting can be downloaded below.
1. Maggie Montgomery – Network Update | Download
2. Rob Quick – Integrating Household Water Treatment and Storage into Health Services: Rationale, Examples from the Field, and Lessons Learned | Download
3. Greg Allgood – Benefits of Integration of HWTS into School, HIV/AIDS, WASH and Nutrition Programs | Download
4. John Kariuki – Integrated Household Water Treatment Efforts in Kenya and the East Africa Region | Download
5. Daniele Lantagne – The HWTS M&E Toolkit: Work-to-date and Way Forward | Download
6. Christian Vousvouras – The 2011 Household and Community Water Treatment and Safe Storage Yearbook | Download
7. Kara Nelson – Predicting the Health Impact of Household Water Treatment | Download
Note: The work presented by Dr Kara Nelson’s at the Annual Meeting was published in April 2012. Read the abstract here.
The objective of the 2012 GLAAS Report is to monitor the inputs required to extend and sustain water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) systems and services. This second report (the first was issued in 2010) presents data received from 74 developing countries, covering all the Millennium Development Goal regions, and from 24 external support agencies, representing approximately 90% of official development assistance for sanitation and drinking-water.
The report provides further reason for vigilance—resources are neither targeted nor apparently sufficient to sustain routine operation and maintenance of water and sanitation services. Thus, there is a serious risk of slipping backwards on gains already made. The analysis emerging from UN-Water GLAAS also helps to identify the reasons behind the disparities in access to sanitation and drinking-water among different regions, communities and income groups. Learn more || Download the report
Did you know that the US Centers for Disease Control & Prevention maintains a portal on safe water? The website offers numerous resources to those involved in improving access to safe water worldwide, such as data on the burden of disease, various options for HWTS, and behavior change communications. This month the CDC updated its website with new versions of its fact sheets on five proven treatment options: chlorination, flocculant/disinfectant powder, solar disinfection, ceramic filtration, and sand filtration. There is also a page on safe storage. Safe Water portal || Fact sheets || Safe storage
During April 2012, WASHplus published links on its blog to publications in the following subject areas related to HWTS: arsenic removal, bio-sand filters in Tanzania, ceramic water filter evaluation in Sri Lanka, cost-effectiveness of integrated interventions in Kenya, health impact of HWTS, pathogen diversity in water for PLWHA, rainwater harvesting, solar disinfection, and WASH for PLWHA. Visit the WASHplus blog
Nanotechnology has introduced a new generation of water filters and purification systems. Though much of the research is still at the laboratory stage, some simple, cost effective technologies incorporating nano-materials have reached the market. This issue of the WASHplus Weekly contains some of the most recent studies, reports and videos on this topic. Included are a DFID report on the market potential of nanotechnologies, reviews by IFPRI and OECD on water nanotechnologies and a SCIDEV website feature on the progress, potential and possible risks of water nanotechnologies. Read the issue
Education, Work, and Funding Opportunities
The BushProof training in water & sanitation is a broad, intense 6 to 12-day course with a heavy practical bias, providing a rare opportunity to learn through both theoretical and hands-on practical sessions. Our aim is to transfer as much practical and theoretical knowledge as possible in the time available so that participants can return with know-how that they can apply in their own situations. Courses offered in Madagascar in July 2012 and Singapore later this year. Course fees and international travel required. Click here to learn more
The Rotary Center for International Studies in peace and conflict resolution and The Water Institute at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC) encourage highly qualified university graduates
from outside the United States to apply for a Rotary Peace Fellowship to support studies toward a two year masters’ degree in public health with a concentration in water and sanitation. If you are successful in gaining a Fellowship and in being admitted to a program with UNC’s Water Institute, you will study at UNC with some of the world’s leading experts in water, sanitation, health, and development. You will also have the opportunity to contribute expertise and leadership to Rotary’s high-priority programs in water, sanitation, and hygiene. Studies would begin in August 2013 but the deadline to apply for the fellowship is July 1 2012. Click here to learn more
Rotary and the UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education have teamed up to tackle the world’s water and sanitation crisis by increasing the number of trained professionals to devise, plan, and implement solutions in developing and emerging countries. Through this partnership, The Rotary Foundation will provide grants to Rotary clubs and districts to select and sponsor 8 students each year for graduate level studies. Click here to learn more
The Center for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology regularly provides training workshops worldwide for individuals and organizations that serve the poor in developing countries. These workshops have a local host, and may draw participants from across the country or region. Workshops are arranged on a demand-driven basis. Our curriculum uses hands-on learning and plenty of interaction to cover the theory and technical skills participants need to plan, implement or participate in water and sanitation programs in their location. There are two workshops planned for the month of May dealing with HWTS. Calendar of workshops for 2012
For more job listings in the WASH sector, please refer to the WASH Vacancies Blog or the Relief Web Jobs site. If you are a registered Network participant and you wish to share an education, job, or funding opportunity with the Network please contact Ryan Rowe, Network Communications Officer, for assistance.