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Thank you to all who submitted questions in advance, joined in the discussion and listened to the recent Network webinar, “Evaluating household water treatment: from evidence to action”. In this issue you can download a summary of the webinar presentations to be followed shortly with a summary of the Q&A and discussion. Stay tuned for information on upcoming webinars which will feature roundtable discussions: “Toward a common HWTS monitoring & evaluation toolkit”, “Effective implementation and use of HWTS in emergencies” and “Role of HWTS in addressing water-, sanitation-, and hygiene-related health risks”.
The Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN) is a global knowledge network for rural water supplies, with a membership of 2,500 individual professionals and practitioners from over 120 countries. The RWSN Forum is the rural water supply event that takes place every three to four years. The Ministry of Water and Environment – Uganda will host the forum in Kampala from 29 November – 1 December 2011. Organizers have issued a call for papers, films and posters on the following topics: accelerating self-supply, groundwater development, sustainability, success stories, and strategies for dealing with emerging challenges (e.g. climate change, water resource management). Submission deadline is 30 June, 2011. For more details download the Open Call document or visit the forum’s website.
The Annual Meeting is scheduled for Monday, 3 October 2011 and will take place in conjunction with the Water and Health: Where Science Meets Policy conference at the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, USA. An all-day session is planned. The meeting will feature presentations by Network participants on the four key areas of Network activity (knowledge advancement, policy and advocacy, capacity building and monitoring) and moderated discussions on the role of HWTS within the greater framework of water, sanitation and health improvements, including the human right to water. In order to assist us in further planning the agenda, please let us know if you plan on attending by sending an email to Ryan Rowe at firstname.lastname@example.org.
In April 2011, the International Network on Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage held its first webinar broadcast “Evaluating household water treatment: from evidence to action”.
The webinar sought to answer the following questions:
(1) What do we know about use and impacts of household water treatment?
(2) What are the major challenges in effectively targeting those most in need of such treatment?
(3) How can we improve how we measure and compare results?
The webinar included presentations from Daniele Lantagne at Harvard University, and Orlando Hernandez at the Academy for Educational Development (AED). Discussion followed, moderated by Bruce Gordon from the World Health Organization (WHO) during which a number of questions from participants were addressed. 75 individuals participated in the session.
A preliminary summary of the webinar, and copies of speaker presentations are now available, and we will shortly follow up with a note to address specific questions raised by participants during the session.
Preliminary webinar summary | Download
Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) is one specific public health improvement strategy that is increasingly called upon to justify and better strategize further investments for achieving wide-spread, sustainable use among vulnerable populations. However, currently, there is a lack of standardized, cross-cutting tools to assist implementers, donors, and decision-makers in evaluating HWTS programs.
A draft WHO HWTS Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Toolkit provides practical recommendations for monitoring outputs and outcomes of HWTS programs and explanations of the more technical requirements for assessing impact. Major topics discussed in the document include: (1) assessing the role of HWTS within existing water, sanitation and environmental health contexts, (2) indicators for measuring program outputs and outcomes, (3) conducting field evaluations, (4) analysing and utilizing results. The appendix provides an overview of health impact assessment and using comparison groups. The document builds upon previous and current M&E efforts undertaken by Network organizations and is available for review and comment until 10 June 2011.
For further questions email Maggie Montgomery at email@example.com.
In late 2006, AED launched a program in India, funded by USAID through the POUZN project, to address barriers related to awareness, acceptance, availability, and affordability of HWTS methods in order to increase use among poor urban and rural populations in order to reduce risk of childhood diarrhea. The program was successful in engaging stakeholders from the non-profit and commercial sectors and providing income-generating activities for local NGOs. This experience provides support and lessons learned for sustainable models of HWTS use in low-income communities in India.
During its initial pilot phase, the program worked largely through women’s self-held groups and achieved strong results in increasing first-time use in low-income households. Subsequently, a number of successful partnerships were formed with the private sector and local NGOs that led to creation of an alliance known as Operation Jal Mitra. The partnerships allowed the program to leverage USAID funding, and enter a scale-up phase. At the end of four years, AED had reached nearly 700,000 households or approximately 4 million people. Today, partners continue to implement the model and replicate it elsewhere in India.
Special program features included partnerships with the private sector, micro-credit, H2S water testing, community demonstrations, and income-generating activities for NGOs.
Access the program report, view photos and watch a video to learn more.
Photo essay | Selected images from AED’s program in rural and urban India.
Video highlights | This six-minute video highlights the partnership between the commercial POU manufacturers and NGOs, community mobilization activities including the use of H2S testing kits as behavior change tool, and the sustainable role of NGOs as micro-distributors to achieve the goals of Operation Jal Mitra (Friends of Water).
Note: For further details on AED’s work on this project, you may wish to review Consumer Choice of POU Methods and Sustainable Behavior in India, a presentation by Christian Winger, Deputy Director AED, from the USAID POUZN Seminar in Washington DC in November 2010. A copy of the presentation was published in the Network’s April 2011 newsletter. Download the presentation
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